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Technology has become an integral part of our daily lives. We all use the internet daily to seek information, socialise, shop, learn or do business. The majority of our daily activities are dependent on some type of technology. A curious mind may ask how the websites where you perform these activities were formed. The websites did not appear out of nowhere, and it is most emphatically not magic. They were created and are regularly maintained by professionals known as web developers, who use a variety of technical abilities and technologies. Web development is one of the tech roles that are always in demand, and since the outbreak of COVID-19, the demand has skyrocketed as people and organisations turn to technology. 

Web development will undoubtedly be at the top of any list of the most in-demand IT skills in whichever year searched for. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of web developers is expected to increase by 13% between 2020 and 2030. Experienced web developers earn over N1,000,000 in Nigeria, according to a salary breakdown by PayScale. In this article, we will be going through the fundamentals of web programming and the skills and tools you’ll need to become a web developer.

What is Web Development

The process of developing, designing, and managing websites, applications, or software for the internet is known as web development. Web developers are the individuals in charge of creating and maintaining these websites. Web design, publishing, programming, and database management are all part of web development.

Types of Web Developers

Because the scope of web development is so broad, developers specialise in distinct aspects of the profession. While we have developers who are familiar with all the development techniques and technologies and can execute any development assignment, we also have individuals who have concentrated on a specific component of the web development process. The following are the various types of developers.

  • Front-end developers: Front-end is the part of web development that deals with the experiences of the end user. The layout, fonts, colors, menus, and other visual aspects of the website are all handled by the front-end. Front-end developers, also known as client-side developers, design and improve the appearance of websites and applications using computer languages and tools such as React, HTML, Javascript, CSS, Bootstrap, and Backbone. They are mostly responsible for what users see and experience. Learn how to become a front-end developer here.
  • Back-end developers: While front-end developers are concerned with how a website appears, back-end developers are concerned with how it functions. Back-end developers also referred to as server-side developers are in charge of the website’s functionality. They use languages such as PHP, Ruby, Python and Java to build the application, then use tools like MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Server to manage data. Learn how to become a back-end developer here.
  • Full-stack programmers: A full-stack developer is a developer who “knows it all.” They are well-versed in both front-end and back-end web development.

Popular Web Development Tools and Languages

  • HTML: HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. Developers use HTML for the front-end aspect of the web.
  • CSS: CSS refers to Cascading Style Sheets. Developers use CSS to style the website and make it presentable. 
  • JavaScript: Javascript is a programming language used by both the front-end and back-end developers to develop and add behaviour to the page. 
  • Bootstrap: Bootstrap is a free and open-source front-end framework used to create responsive websites and mobile applications.
  • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor or PHP, is a back-end programming language used for web development.
  • Java: Java is a popular programming language and platform used for web development.
  • Python: Python is the most popular and most widely used programming language for general-purpose programming. 

Web Development vs. Software Engineering

Software engineers focus mainly on creating programs for operating systems, while web developers focus on internet-based technologies. However, both roles share programming languages and technologies. 

Web Development Vs Web Design

People often confuse web design with web development. While they both collaborate to build a decent website for users, web design is a distinct profession that requires the use of different technologies and skills. One of the steps that a website or application must go through in order to be ideal is web design. Web designers are in charge of determining how the website appears and feels, as well as its usability. Web design roles include User Experience Design (UX), User Interface Design (UI), and Information Architecture. On the other hand, web developers take the web designer’s work and turn it into a fully functional website.


There are many resources available to learn web development and other technical skills. If you have any technical skills, you can easily apply to work at ParallelScore and join our great team. To learn more about working at ParallelScore, please visit our career page.

Tabitha Oyewole

Author Tabitha Oyewole

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