Data privacy refers to the protection of personal information given to private organizations. Data privacy and data security are often used interchangeably, but they also differ. Data security refers to safeguarding data from hackers or other harmful intruders, while data privacy is all about how data is collected, shared, and used. It involves how information or data should be handled based on their relative importance. Personal data is any information pertaining to an individual, for example, their social security number, their medical records, their financial records, such as deposit account numbers, their credit card numbers, and even basic, but yet sensitive information, such as their full names, addresses and birthdates. A person’s data may also be used by companies to learn about their behaviour, content, preferences, and anything else that can be used to learn valuable information about them. The inappropriate use of this data can have unexpected consequences for the person whose data is being accessed.
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