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In the current market, web development is oversaturated, and companies are looking for different skillsets. Web development has become mainstream and harder to get into, while backend development is still an up-and-coming profession. This article will explain how you can become a backend developer, from what you need to know about web development (scripting languages) to get your foot in the door at large companies like Google, etc.

Before we get started, let’s talk about back end development in its broader context. 

Backend development is the process of developing applications that use servers to host and deliver content. It is the foundation of any application, as it’s what’s responsible for hosting the website you’re visiting. There is a lot going on behind the scenes that you would not expect. Software development constitutes the overall process that goes into building and maintaining programs. This process is mainly concerned with activities such as data entry, data manipulation, data storage, data queries, data retrieval. The backend developers are responsible for managing these processes and systems. They are responsible for the technical tasks behind creating a website or application. A backend developer manages how data is retrieved and displayed in an application and the traffic flow between the client and server.

What do backend developers do? 

Backend developers build the very core of the system. In a nutshell, they create the programs and logic that power your favourite web applications. They are responsible for creating the logic that allows your favourite web applications to work, e.g., social media networks (Facebook), online shopping carts (AliExpress), online travel booking sites (Travelbeta). Their job is to manage and maintain the data stored in the database, responding to data requests made by front-end developers.

So let’s get started.

Here are few essential steps to become a Backend Developer:

  1. Understand the basics of data structures and algorithms: One of the most important things you should know is how to write clean and optimized code. When it comes to backend development, you will spend most of your time writing code. If you have basic knowledge of data structures, you will write fast and optimize code in less time. It is also crucial that you know the basics of algorithms and you have good knowledge of sorts like MERGE sort, heap sort, and so on. Algorithms are sets of instructions that programmers use to solve problems. Similarly, a solid understanding of the internal workings of the various Data Structures, how they can be used for multiple purposes, and their specific implementations, is necessary. Backend developers build software that interacts with databases. A thorough understanding of data structures and algorithms enhances your chances of becoming a Backend Developer. 
  2. Become proficient in a programming language: If you want to become a backend developer, you must be an experienced web developer with good experience in PHP, MySQL, or another language that supports backend development. As a result, you’ll be able to learn more about debugging, which is a part of nearly all backend development processes. 
  3. Choose a Framework: You need to choose the appropriate framework for your project. The most common choices are Django and Ruby on Rails. Ensure that you have a basic knowledge of the language before selecting a framework.
  4. Learn the basics of Databases: To work with databases, we need to know what they are and how they work. Also, knowing the data structures is essential. A data structure is a way to organize data on a computer so that you can use it efficiently. A database is a collection of data stored and collected to be accessed, managed, and updated easily. Databases are the backbone of every application, so they are essential to study carefully and master. Nowadays, relational databases like Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle Database, MySQL and IBM DB2 are used more.
  5. Learn OOP concepts: As a backend developer, you should be well versed in Object-Oriented Programming (OOP). OOP is a programming paradigm that enables developers to build unchanged modules no matter what data types are introduced. You will have to understand concepts such as inheritance, polymorphism, etc. 
  6. Start your practical training: You should gain experience by experimenting with real-world backend projects or solutions on your practical training. This will prepare you for real-world situations and allow you to apply your newly acquired skills. In place of studying to become a backend developer, you should work at a company where you can gain experience as a front-end or backend developer. In the tech world, creativity and originality are highly prized for their ability to revolutionize the field. You’re on the right track if you have already devised a start-up or project idea. If not, there is still time for you to think about it and develop a solution.
  7. Intermittent projects: You don’t become a backend developer overnight, but you also shouldn’t expect instant results from your internship as well. You will have to put in the necessary work and effort (practical or theoretical) before you can start expecting instant results from your efforts in terms of job offers and promotions.
  8. Select a hosting service like Amazon Web Service/Heroku: Host your product on a cloud service provider so it is accessible from the web. It is an excellent choice to choose AWS as it provides almost a year of free hosting.


Every application’s heart and foundation is the backend. Backend development is not easy, and it requires a good deal of effort and time to gain practical experience. Still, if you persevere, you will be one of the most sought after professionals in today’s job market. ParallelScore is looking for innovative and dynamic individuals who are willing to learn, work, and have fun. Our careers page has openings if you’re looking for a challenge.

Amaka Odozi

Author Amaka Odozi

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